This lesson considers how the allies formed their alliance and how the alliance began to break down. It considers how the alliance was strained due to the differences in ideology between Capitalism and Communism.
Unit: The Cold War: Superpower relations from 1941- 1991
This lesson explores how the Grand Alliance started to break up between 1943 and 1945. It focuses on the three wartime conferences and how disagreements over the future of post-war Europe led to tension developing between the leaders of the Grand Alliance.
This lesson looks at the impact of the atomic bomb on US-Soviet relations in the early years of the Cold War. It introduces the concepts of deterrence and the arms race and how these affected US-Soviet relations.
This lesson looks at the telegrams that were sent by the US and the Soviet Union as part of the 'war of words'. It will explore how these telegrams increased tension between the two sides in the early Cold War.
This lesson looks at Winston Churchill's 'Iron Curtain' speech and examines how it could be said to have officially declared the start of the Cold War.
This lesson looks at Soviet expansionism in action. It explores how Stalin expanded his influence in Eastern Europe, gaining a buffer zone by creating satellite states.
This lesson enables students to answer the enquiry question about early Cold War tension. It looks at three main causes of the breakdown of the Grand Alliance and asks students to explain when they think early Cold War tensions were at their worst, using work from across the enquiry.
This lesson examines the role played by the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan in increasing the tensions between East and West, and the final ending of the Grand Alliance
This lesson looks at the Soviet response to the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan and considers the impact this response had on Cold War tensions. Students will learn about the concept of 'dollar imperialism' and Cominform and Comecon organisations.
This lesson looks at the first confrontation between the US and their Western Allies, and the Soviet Union. Students will learn about the causes and events of the Berlin blockade and the Allied response, the Airlift.
This lesson looks at the consequences of the Berlin blockade by exploring the creation of two separate German states, the GDR and the FRG, and the formation of the Cold War defensive military alliances, NATO and the Warsaw Pact. Students will explore the impact these developments had on Cold War tensions.
In this lesson, you will learn about events in Asia from 1949-1953. You will consider the impact that China's shift to Communism and the Korean War had on superpower relations and will explore why these events were significant in intensifying tensions.
In this lesson, you will learn about how the arms race escalated in the 1950s. You will explore how this happened and what the consequences of this were for superpower relations and the intensity of the Cold War.
In this lesson, you will learn about how the space race made US-Soviet relations worse. You will explore what happened in the space race in the 1950s before evaluating the consequences of these events, using contemporary source material. Finally, you will consider the impact that the space race had on technological developments as well as the relationship between the two superpowers.
In this lesson, you will learn about the causes of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. You will learn about why Hungarians wanted to challenge communist control and why they felt that 1956 was a good time to do so.
In this lesson, you will learn about the consequences of the Hungarian Uprising so that you can evaluate its significance for different groups and nations. You will learn about how the Soviets reacted to the Uprising and how the West responded. Finally, you will consider the significance of the Uprising for superpower relations and its impact on the wider Cold War.
In this lesson, you will explore our enquiry question. You will re-examine and explain the roles played by key events in the 1950s in intensifying the Cold War and will decide at which point the Cold War became most intense in this period.
In this lesson, you will begin a new enquiry about how far the Cold War reached crisis levels between 1958-1970. You will learn about why, in 1961, Berlin once again found itself at the centre of the Cold War. You will examine why Khrushchev was so concerned about Berlin and the actions he took to tackle these concerns from 1958-1961. Finally, you will draw this learning together to explain why the Berlin Wall was built in 1961, changing the lives of Berliners forever.
In this lesson, you will learn about the consequences of the Berlin Wall for Germany, the USA and the USSR and superpower relations. You will then practise structuring and writing a narrative account to explain the main events of the Berlin Crisis 1958-1961.
In this lesson, you will begin to study our second Cold War crisis, which took place in Cuba. You will learn about the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and the impact that this had on relations between the USA and the USSR. Finally, you will look at the chain of events that the revolution set in motion, including the USA's severing of relations with Cuba, Cuba's development of a relationship with the USSR and finally America's engineering of the Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961.
In this lesson, you will study how tensions continued to increase over Cuba throughout 1962 and how the crisis was eventually solved. You will examine the consequences of the crisis for individual leaders and superpower relations and will consider how close the world came to nuclear war. Finally, you will evaluate what the main outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis was and what its impact was on the continuity of the Cold War.
In this lesson, you will travel to Czechoslovakia in 1968 to learn about the final crisis point of the 1958-1970 period. You will learn about the Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia as well as what caused it. Most importantly, you will learn about how the USSR reacted to it and what the consequences of both the reforms and the response were for Czechoslovakia, eastern Europe, the USSR and superpower relations.
This lesson looks at detente, a period of relaxation of tensions in the Cold War. It explores the reasons for detente and the ways in which the US and Soviet Union tried to reduce tension. Students will be asked to assess how successful the two sides were in reducing tension.
This lesson looks at the reasons for the failure of detente. Students will look at the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the response of the US to this invasion.
This lesson looks at the role that Reagan played in the Second Cold War and the impact that his policies had on Cold War tension. Students will look at the Reagan Doctrine, SDI, defence spending and the Soviet response to these developments.
This lesson enables students to answer the enquiry question by exploring both the reasons for the decrease of tension between 1970 and 1979 and why tension began to increase again after 1979. Students will recap their learning from the last three lessons and then answer the enquiry questions.
In this lesson, you will learn about the changes that Mikhail Gorbachev made to the USSR and Soviet control of Eastern Europe. You will learn about what his 'new thinking' entailed and how this led to a reduction in tensions between the USA and the USSR. In particular, you will examine the Summit Conferences of 1985-1988 to see how Gorbachev's 'new thinking' enabled agreements to be made between the superpowers and contributed eventually to the end of the Cold War.
In this lesson, you will learn about how Mikhail Gorbachev's 'new thinking' changed Eastern Europe. You will examine how Eastern Europeans responded to the end of the Brezhnev Doctrine and will study the chain of events that his reforms set in motion. Finally, you will evaluate why these changes happened - was Gorbachev alone responsible for the USSR's loss of control over Eastern Europe or were other factors also at play?
In this lesson, you will learn about why the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989. You will then explore where the fall of the Berlin Wall fits in the wider story of the end of the Cold War and what this event came to symbolise about the future of Europe and superpower relations.
In this lesson, you will learn about why the Cold War came to an end in 1991. You will recap the narrative of the end of the Cold War before examining two different interpretations about why Soviet control of Eastern Europe collapsed and consequently why the chain of events that led to the end of the Cold War occurred. Finally, you will place this narrative into the wider context of the Cold War and spend some time looking back on all that we have studied.